Active vs. Passive Fire Protection
Do you know the difference between Active and Passive Fire Protection? There tends to be some confusion about which is which, so here is a quick reminder:
Active Fire Protection – Systems which require a certain amount of motion/or action in order to work properly. Some of these actions could be slowing the progress of the fire, putting out the fire, or notifying of the fire and smoke conditions. A few examples are: sprinkler systems and fire alarm systems.
Passive Fire Protection – Does not require motion/and or action in order to work. It is used to contain and slow the spread of the fire. Some examples are: Fire walls/barriers, fire dampers, smoke dampers, fire doors
So, if your facility has a strong active fire protection system in place, why does passive fire protection matter?
- Sprinklers don’t always work as designed
- Lack of maintenance
- System malfunctions
- Problems with water supply (frozen pipes, Earthquakes, shut off by maintenance staff)
- Inadequate water pressure